A new roof is an important home investment. The cost of a new roof varies from $5,000 – $100,000! Do some research and understand the different options before you hire someone to install a new roof.
Read on to learn about roofing materials and what you need to know about getting a new roof.
What’s in a Roof?
A roof is more complex than a few shingles nailed down to a board. There are many parts, including:
- Ice/Water Shield
- Starter Shingle
- Drop Edge
When it’s time for a new roof, it’s important to use a qualified and experienced roofer. A good roof lasts approximately 30 years. Make sure you hire an expert.
Estimate Your Costs
There are many different types of materials, but first, you’ll need to know how much to purchase.
Roofing material is sold by the 100-square-foot area. Take the length and width of each section of roof and multiply. Example: A 10-foot wide by 10-foot long roof section would be 100 square feet.
After adding up the square footage of all the roof sections, allow an additional 10% to cover waste. Divide the total number by 100. This is the final number of squares necessary.
Don’t Double Up!
It’s advisable not to put the new layer of roofing over the old one. Be sure and discuss this with your installer.
Most roofing and building codes require the roof to be stripped off if there are already two layers. The weight of adding more roofing can overload the structure and cause collapse.
It’s also best practice to strip the roof down to the sheath so the roofer can ensure there is no hidden water damage, rot, or bug problems.
Make sure your roofing is installed with proper ventilation. If the attic does not have proper ventilation, it will trap hot air. This trapped heat can cause cracking or cupping in asphalt shingles.
Fire Proof Your Roof
There are many types of roofing shingles available, including wood. It’s important to make sure you purchase roofing with a Class A rating. This means you’re getting shingles with the highest fire rating.
Types of Roofing
There are numerous types of roofing available. This is one of the reasons for the wide price range.
There are two types of asphalt shingles – fiberglass and organic.
Fiberglass shingles are tear-resistant as well as lightweight. As the name suggests, they’re made with an interior fiberglass mesh. The fiberglass is then coated with granule-topped asphalt that reflects sunlight and provides color.
Organic shingles are made of recycled paper immersed in granule-covered asphalt. Though stable in high winds, organic shingles are harder to work with because of their heavy weight.
Organic shingles are being phased out due to issues with moisture absorption and problems with leaking.
The pros of fiberglass shingles are numerous. They’re fire resistant. They’re affordable and look good on many different styles of home. They don’t require any special type of support other than standard roof sheathing.
Good asphalt shingles last up to 30 years in moderate climate conditions.
Wood Shingles and Shakes
The difference between wood shingles and shakes is that wood shingles are cut by machine, and shakes are hand-cut from a block of wood. The hand-cut shakes have a more rustic appearance and are thicker than the shingles.
There are several pros to wood shingles and shakes. Although it may not seem like wood shingles would be fire resistant, they can be treated to have a class A rating.
The initial cost of wood shakes or shingles may be more, but they last anywhere from 5 to 10 years longer than asphalt shingles.
Wood is recyclable and shingles are often made from trees that fell in a storm or due to old age. Wood shingles look better than asphalt shingles for certain styles of home, such as Victorian or Tudor.
Types of Asphalt Shingles
The 3-tab shingle is the most affordable type of asphalt shingle. It has a 3-tab pattern that gives it its name. These shingles are good for low-wind areas with a rating of between 60-70 MPH uplift.
You’ll pay in the range of $75 to $90 per square for 3-tab shingles.
Architectural shingles are sturdier with a wind rating of 110-130 MPH wind uplift.
These shingles run between $140 to $180 for square, but they’ll give the roof a more three-dimensional look and imitate slate or wood.
Premium roofing shingles offer a distinct and beautiful look but come with a high price. They’re rated to about 110 MPH of wind uplift. You’ll spend between $225 and $250 for premium shingles, but that comes with a limited lifetime warranty.
A metal roof is made out of different metals, such as aluminum, zinc, or steel. Copper is also an option, but is expensive and considered a specialty item.
Metal roofs are available in numerous colors and styles. A metal roof can last as long as 100 years and some metal-roof warranties are up to 50 years.
Many styles of metal roofs are available. Metal reflects the sun’s rays making it a good choice for hot climates. Many of the metals have a Class A fire rating as well.
A Word about Solar
If you’re thinking about going solar, a good time to do it is when you change out your roof. Your roofer can help install solar panels in a manner that will protect the new roof.
If you are getting a new roof and switching to solar, be sure you go with a roofer who has experience with solar panels.
Licensed and Insured
Make sure that the installer you use is licensed and insured.
Your house is your biggest investment, make sure your installer can protect it in case of an accident. The installer should have coverage that protects both you and him if something goes wrong during the installation.
Checking for a license and insurance is the best way to make sure the installer is a knowledgeable professional.
An experienced professional roofer will offer a warranty on his work on top of the warranty that comes with the roof materials.
Be sure and check all manufacture warranties. Understand your responsibility so you don’t inadvertently void the warranty.
Ready for a New Roof?
Are you ready for your new roof? Contact us for information about residential or commercial roof installation.